Periodontal disease, also known as gum disease, is one of the most common oral health conditions and the leading cause of adult tooth loss in the United States. Although it typically starts out as a mild case of gingivitis, if left untreated, it can quickly progress into advanced gum disease, and the potential for gum surgery. The top-rated team at Tribeca Dental Studio in New York City offers a complete menu of periodontal services and gum surgery, including surgical gum grafting for more advanced cases. Call or book an appointment online today.
Periodontal disease is a common inflammatory condition that causes healthy gum tissue to progressively deteriorate and destroys supporting tooth structures.
Commonly known as gum disease, this serious oral health issue usually starts as gingivitis, the buildup of bacteria-filled plaque that inflames your gums along the base of your teeth. Because gingivitis is usually mild, it can often be reversed with attentive oral hygiene habits and routine preventive care cleanings and exams.
Left untreated, however, gingivitis can turn into periodontitis — advanced gum disease. In this stage, your gums recede away from your teeth, forming open pockets that can easily become infected, which may require gum surgery.
Healthy gums are firm, light pink, and fit tightly around your teeth. Although early-stage gingivitis isn’t always obvious, there are a few subtle signs that it’s developing. You have some degree of gingivitis if your gums:
As gingivitis progresses into advanced gum disease, you’ll start experiencing more obvious symptoms like:
Gum disease doesn’t always affect your entire mouth. It can start in just one area or around certain teeth like your molars.
Moderate cases of gum disease can often be managed through traditional scaling and root planing treatments. Scaling removes plaque from below your gumline, while root planing smooths the tooth root to promote a stronger attachment between your teeth and your gum tissue.
Although these and other treatments can keep the condition from progressing, they don’t address the problems caused by the severe loss of gum tissue that’s often seen in moderate to advanced periodontal disease.
Gum surgery works to restore lost gum tissue by taking a graft of oral tissue from your palate — the roof of your mouth — and surgically stitching it in place over a root that’s been exposed by receding gums.
On top of restoring gum tissue and preventing underlying bone loss, gum graft surgery can put an end to disease-related tooth sensitivity and protect the roots of your teeth from bacteria and decay.
Gum surgery is a fairly quick in-office procedure that takes about 90 minutes. Although you can expect immediate results, you’ll return to see your periodontal surgeon at Tribeca Dental Studio two weeks after your surgery to ensure your gums are healing as they should, and again, a month after your surgery.
The best way to prevent periodontal disease or stop its progression is by maintaining good oral hygiene habits, which includes visiting Tribeca Dental Studio for routine cleanings and exams. Call their New York City office or book online today.